Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the great mathematician of the world, the work done by him still remains a subject of research for scientists. He was also called a magician of mathematics, he made amazing inventions in the field of mathematics with his knowledge and dedication and also gave India incomparable pride.
Early life of Srinivasa Ramanujan
Srinivasa Ramanujan’s full name was Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar. Ramanujan was born on 22 December 1887 in a Brahmin family in Erode village of Coimbatore, located in southern India. He was a very bright child since childhood, his mother Komaltammal was a housewife and his father Srinivasa Iyengar who was a bookkeeper in a local cloth shop. Since childhood, Srinivasa Ramanujan was different from other children and his behavior was very sweet.
Education of Srinivasa Ramanujan
His early education started from a local school in Kanchipuram, Ramanujan passed the tenth examination at the age of ten and got the highest marks in the entire district, due to which he also started getting scholarship, Srinivas went to Government Arts College, Kumbakonam. took admission in He started studying college level mathematics while in school.
Ramanujan’s attachment to mathematics had increased so much that he did not pay attention to other subjects. The result was that in the 11th standard, he failed in all subjects except mathematics, due to which the scholarship stopped.
Due to the bad economic condition of the house, he also started doing some maths tuition and account work. In 1907, he took the 12th class private examination, in which he failed again, after which his early education came to an end.
Career of Srinivasa Ramanujan
Ramanujan used to get a total of five rupees monthly by teaching mathematics tuition. And he used to live in this. It was difficult to get a job due to not being able to pass the outer
Because of which Ramanujan’s life was spent in such poverty that he did not even have enough paper to solve the question of mathematics.
Somehow in the year 1910, the Deputy Collector of Kumbakonam Mr. V. Ramaswamy Iyer met Ramanujan, he saw Ramanujan’s talent and started a scholarship of Rs.25 a month for him, with the same money he published his first research paper. This was the same research paper, which London’s Professor G.H. Hardy, who used to be a well-known professor of mathematics at that time. This research paper paved the way for Ramanujan to go to Cambridge, a long correspondence started between Ramanujan and Hardy.
Pro. Hardy wrote a letter to Ramanujan to come to Cambridge, which Ramanujan refused to go because he did not have the money to travel. Hardy sent him financial aid and arranged a scholarship for him and in this way Ramanujan reached Cambridge London and on 2 May 1918 he was selected for the Royal Society of London and Ramanujan became the first Indian to receive the fellowship of Trinity College and gradually he Began to become famous all over the world, which later became the cornerstone of great mathematical discoveries, and 56 years after his death, 130 pages with mysterious mathematical equations were seen in 1976 by mathematician Dr. George Andrews of Pennsylvania State University and those mathematical secrets were revealed. So the whole world was surprised then at that time physicist Freeman Dyson once said, “These flowers have grown from those seeds in Ramanujan’s garden”. Were.
He created new formulas to solve many difficult mathematical problems, which played an important role in the development of game theory and is still seen with respect in the field of mathematics.
In the year 1976 George Andrews discovered a notebook of Ramanujan in the library of Trinity College. He was awarded the Bachelor of Arts by Research degree in the year 1916. He was elected to the London Mathematical Society on 6 December 1917. Later this notebook was published as a book.
Among the important contributions of Ramanujan are hyper geometric series, Riemann series, elliptic integral, Mach theta function and the theory of divergent series etc. In the following years, he had made his own method to solve the quadratic equation.
Personal life of Srinivasa Ramanujan
Ramanujan was married to Janaki on 14 July 1909. Then Srinivasa was 21 years old and Janaki was 10 years old. The marriage took place at the behest of Ramanujan’s mother. Srinivasa spent about 5 years in Cambridge. Ramanujan used to be very worried about his health in his life. His health deteriorated further when he went to England. Due to following the customs of Hinduism, Ramanujan used to eat only vegetarian food. This type of food was hard to come by in England because of the lack of vegetarian food during World War I from 1914 to 1918, which had worsened his health.
- At the age of 17, he investigated Bernoulli numbers and discovered the value of Euler’s constant up to 15 decimal places.
- Srinivasa Ramanujan is also called “MAN WHO KNEW INFINITY”.
- Finally, in 1919, Ramanujan returned to Kumbakonam from England, on 26 April 1920, at the age of 33, Ramanujan breathed his last due to TB disease.