Fri. Apr 19th, 2024

History of Tractor: Due to increasing machinery in the world day by day, farming has become very easy. Tractors have played an important role in making agriculture easier. With the advent of tractor, it is used in agriculture for plowing the land, sowing seeds, planting, planting and harvesting etc. The word tractor is taken from Lain language which means to pull. Before the invention of the tractor, farming work was done using animals, which required a lot of time and many problems, but in today’s time, tractors have made this work easier, with the help of which time is saved and it is done less quickly.

The first steam engine in a tractor was invented by Richard Trevithick in 1801. In 1890, Frawley created a new design. He mounted a one-cylinder diesel engine on the running gear of his father’s engine and built a rude tractor that could safely be driven at a speed of about three miles per hour.

Thus, its design was further improved and the first petrol operated tractor was invented. After that different types of gas tractors started being manufactured. By 1927, John Deere produced the first tractor and lightweight steel combination that was used to plow fields in three rows. Steel wheels were used in tractors till 1930 and after that rubber wheels were installed. Subsequently, the Dauer Tractor Model R was introduced, which was the first diesel engine tractor with a power of more than forty horse power. With this, John Deere became the first manufacturer to offer tractors to anyone.

In 1903, Charles W, a resident of America, successfully created the first tractor using a two-cylinder diesel engine.

After which, from 1916 to 1922, more than one hundred companies were producing agricultural tractors. India is an agricultural country. Tractors were introduced in India with the Green Revolution, where tractors were used extensively. India is the largest tractor industry country in the world. Today about thirty tractors of the world are made in India.

India started manufacturing tractors in 1950 and 1960. Despite these efforts, local production grew slowly in the first three decades and by the end of the 1980s tractor production was almost one per year. By the end of 1990, production reached two hundred and seventy thousand units per year. The pace of production increased after 1991 and in the early 2000s, India overtook the United States in the production of four-wheel tractors and became the world’s largest producer. In 2013, six lakh nineteen tractors were produced in India. Is the largest producer and marketer of tractors. India is currently manufacturing sixteen domestic Aurum tractors. Major eight tractor companies contributing to the progress of the country.

Number Van Mahindra & Mahindra The first tractor name that comes to a farmer’s mind is Mahindra. It is not only the number one tractor manufacturing company in India, but is also the largest tractor selling company in the world. Over the years, Mahindra has emerged as one of the top manufacturers of tractors and farm equipment. The company is the second largest selling tractor manufacturer in India. Their tractors are strong and durable because they are made with superior technology.

Number three Swaraj Tractors, an equipment manufacturing plant, was established in Mohali in 1972, becoming the first company that started manufacturing tractors in India under Swaraj. Later this company was merged with Mahindra Group in 2007 and its name was changed to Swaraj Divisions.

Another popular tractor brand in the Indian market. This American company is performing well in India. This company was established in 1837 and is one of the oldest agricultural equipment manufacturers.

Number Five A Agri Machinery is a very famous company in the field of agriculture. This company was established by Aotts Group in 1960. Sonalika Tractor Sonalika Tractor Company was established in 1995 with head office at Jalandhar. It is the third largest selling tractor brand in the country. Seven. New Hollander New Hollander is a great tractor company which was founded by A Zimmerman in 1895. Tractors manufactured in this company are exported to more than seventy countries in North America, Australia, Middle East, South East Asia and Africa.

Nor is it a German company which made Faridabad factory its headquarters in India on April 24, 1969 and manufactured Pahalal tractors in India from 1965 to 1974. Eicher tractors became public in December 1987.

Full Video in Hindi

By admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *