Thu. Jun 20th, 2024

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, also known as the “Missile Man of India”, was an Indian scientist and politician who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Awarded with Bharat Ratna, Kalam, rich in very simple, easy and gentle personality, was continuously engaged in the service of the country, his contribution in the field of science and technology, education and public service is incomparable.

A.P.J Abdul Kalam Early Life

Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. His father’s name was Jainlabdeen and mother’s name was Asimma. Father used to rent and buy boats by profession.
Abdul Kalam was the youngest of five siblings. Kalam had a deep affection for his father. He used to spend hours with him. His father used to say that when trouble comes, try to understand the reason for the trouble, it is always difficult to test yourself. gives a chance

When Abdul Kalam was just eight years old and at that time his family was going through a financial crisis, he along with his cousin Shamsuddin started distributing newspapers at a young age, this work would have earned him some money, which would have helped him in his life. study expenses were covered

Meanwhile, suddenly the Second World War started in 1939, Kalam got information about this from the newspaper, in which according to a news something was written about the huge demand for tamarind seeds, probably the need of these seeds was being used in the war. Used to do some work related to the fuel of vehicles, then little Kalam along with his cousin started collecting tamarind seeds, they used to collect seeds from some villages and forests around them and sell them, so that He used to get ‘ek anna’ daily which he used to spend on his studies and books.

Education of Abdul Kalam

Early education of Abdul Kalam Received high school education from Schwartz Higher Secondary School Ramanathapuram Tamil Nadu, he was an average student during school days but was always ready to learn new and technical things and used to study for hours. Had more attachment to subjects like maths and science.

After completing his early education, Abdul Kalam obtained B.Sc degree in 1954 from St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, after which he moved to Madras in 1955, for further higher education, he somehow joined MIT Madras. He came in the list of engineering and technology candidates, but it was very expensive to take admission in it, at least one thousand rupees was needed, but his father did not have that much money, then at that time his mother Johra sold her gold chains and bracelets. arranged fees

Abdul Kalam’s career

Then he completed aeronautical engineering training from MIT in Hindustan Aeronautical Limited, Bangalore, then he was called for interview by the Air Force Selection Board, where he got ninth rank out of twenty five candidates, when the board only joined 8 candidates. Here after a lot of disappointment and regret, he got joining on a scientific assistance post in defense at a salary of 250 rupees per month.

While working on a project named Nandi for a few years, he was called for an interview in the Indian National Committee for Space Research and was selected for the post of a rocket engineer under the leadership of Dr. Sara Bhai. He was sent to NASA America for six months for training in rocket launching.

Immediately after completing training in NASA, India’s first rocket was launched, on 21 November 1963, after the success of the rocket named Apache Nike, Dr. Sarabhai expressed his dream of an Indian Satellite Launch Vehicle ISLV, as if it felt like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Sarabhai must have taken a decision to give India a new height.

Then Sarabhai chose him as the leader of the SLV project and the work started, but within a few days Sarabhai died of a heart attack, this incident broke Kalam.
After hard work on SLV and despite all the unsuccessful experiments, the time has come when the newspaper headlines were full of different opinions and speculations, then India’s first satellite launch vehicle flew on July 18, 1980 at 8.30 am. There was an atmosphere of happiness everywhere, in the midst of all that noise, he spoke the most important words of his life, “I am speaking mission director, be ready to hear an important news, with the success of the fourth stage, Rohini satellite entered space. Still working”

Some of Abdul Kalam’s main projects are Nandi, Hovercraft, Satellite Launch Vehicle, Pokhran 2, Kalam Raju Stent, Indigenous Guided Missiles etc. He has been awarded Padma Bhushan in 1981 and Bharat Ratna in 1997. Till served as the 11th President of India and Dr. Kalam died on 27 July 2015 while delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management in Shillong.

A Story of Missile Man | Abdul Kalam Short Biography in Hindi | Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

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