Today television is an integral part of our life. It is derived from the Greek prefix ‘tele’ and the Latin word ‘visio’. Television is known as the main means of entertainment. Earlier when television did not exist, people used to entertain themselves by watching street plays and dances. But now we can watch the country and abroad with our family sitting at home through television.
You can watch news and enjoy music, serials and movies. Although the number of television viewers has decreased after the advent of internet and mobile phones, still television remains the first choice of people in the name of entertainment.
History of Television
By the way, TV was not invented suddenly, there is a continuous process of many types of inventions behind it. The telephone was invented in the year 1830. This made it easy to transfer sound. At the same time Thomas Edison showed by transmitting the photo. The invention of radio made it easier to send wireless signals. Now it was time to broadcast sound and photo simultaneously.
Let us tell you that the credit for showing the film through TV goes to John Logie Baird. Baird was very fond of research like telephone and radio since childhood, he used to think that one day such a thing would come when people would be able to send pictures through the air. Baird then built the first television in 1924 using boxes, biscuit tins, sewing needles, cards and a motor from an electric fan.
After a lot of effort, the working television system that was prepared was an electromechanical television, in which a motor-generator was used.
Then in 1928, the world’s first successful color transmission was made by John Logie Baird. Electromechanical television was used to make it.
And on the other hand in the same year, the world’s first electronic working television was produced by Philo Taylor Farnsworth. Unlike electromechanical systems, motor-generators were not used in electronic television systems.
History of World Television Day
In November 1996, the United Nations (UN) organized the first World Television Forum. Prominent media personalities were part of the forum, where they discussed the growing importance of television at the international level. That’s why the General Assembly decided to celebrate 21 November every year as World Television Day.
Beginning of television in India
After the arrival of TV in 1934, it took 15-16 years to reach India and for the first time it came to India in the year 1950, Doordarshan was established on 15 September 1959 as a government broadcaster.
The expansion of Doordarshan to cities across the country began in the 1980s due to the 1982 Asian Games to be held in Delhi. One of the benefits of the Asian Games being held in Delhi was that Doordarshan, which used to be black and white, had become colourful, and people were ready to buy a TV worth Rs 9,000 for Rs 18,000. The result of this was that the government imported about 50 thousand TV sets from abroad in the next 6-7 months.
Then the family program Hum Log started on Doordarshan which broke all records of popularity. In 1984, a transmitter was installed almost every day in the country to reach Doordarshan in every village of the country. 1980s Malgudi Days, Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi, Rajni, Hee Man, Waah Janab, Tamas, Chitrahaar, Bharat Ek Khoj, Byomkesh Bakshi, Vikram Baital , Alif Lailavikram Baital, Shahrukh Khan’s Fauji, Ramayan, Mahabharat, Dekh Bhai Dekh had not only created a special audience across the country, but these serials also gained tremendous popularity in non-Hindi speaking states. And slowly people started speaking and understanding Hindi.
During the telecast of Ramayana which started in 1986 and then Mahabharata, there used to be a curfew-like silence on the streets across the country on Sunday mornings. The popularity of Ramayana was such that people used to wait for Ramayana after cleaning their houses by lighting incense sticks and lamps and after the end of the episode Prasad was distributed. Something similar happened during the serial Shaktimaan which started in 1997 on Doordarshan. After this, the popularity of television increased that it was not taking the name of stopping.
Types of Television
On the basis of structure television is divided into 6 parts
(1) Cathode Rays Tube (CRT)
(2) Plasma Display Panel
(3) Digital Light Processing (DLP)
(4) Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
(5) Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED)
(6) Quantum Light Emitting Diode (QLED)
- Television’s short form “T.V”.
- In 2008, the company paid 16.72 crores to show a 30-second ad on TV during the Super Bowl.
- In 1969, “Apollo 11” was the first program broadcast. Which was seen by 600 million people.
- In 1980, VCR, Games etc started coming along with TV. The popularity of TV kept on increasing. TVs with remotes came and became popular.
- The costliest TV in the world is the Prestige HD Supreme Rose Edition priced at Rs 13.399 crore.
- Doordarshan is the first TV channel in India. Doordarshan, launched on 15 September 1959, is still widely watched today.
- After 2000, now is the era of Smart TV. Ultra UHD, Bendable, 4K, 3D, LCD/LED TVs are now not only used for entertainment but also for computing and connectivity.